As I’ve mentioned, my best friend Gina is the inspiration for this blog. Today, she sent me a picture at just didn’t work for her. I thought this would be a good opportunity to pull together several earlier lessons in the context of one photo.
Here’s the photo Gina sent me:
She and her husband were recently on vacation with another couple and Gina wanted a shot of her friends standing in front of the lake they were staying at. Unfortunately, it was extremely windy, making it difficult to hold the phone still. Although the photo was shot at 7:58PM during the golden hour, the lake and sky were far brighter than the light on Gina’s friends.
The first thing I did was try using Snapseed to see if the photo was fixable. Had I had my glasses on and realized the severity of the focus problem, I might not have tried–focus is something you really can’t change much in software. However, ignoring the focus problem for a moment, let’s look at what can be achieved through editing:
To some degree, the lighting on the people can be helped. I edited in Snapseed using the Selective Adjustment tool to brighten the people. As a comparison point, I also edited the original in Aperture using several general adjustments rather than selective adjustments. Both methods work to brighten the subjects.
So what would have prevented the focus problem?
- Selecting a face to set focus (see Lesson 4)
- A faster shutter speed, which can be partially accomplished by setting exposure separately from focus (see Lesson 8 on using Camera Awesome and Lesson 61 on picking a brighter part of the scene to get a faster shutter speed).
But how could Gina have gotten more light on her subjects’ faces? Given that this was shot right after sunset, it might have been a good time to have her subjects facing the fading light. They might have been lit in the last glow of the golden hour–or, they might have gotten some light bounced off the lake. In either case, they would at least have been brighter.
The other choice, if having the lake in the background was important, would have been to apply two previous lessons: Lesson 22 on placing people in front of landscape scenes and Lesson 31 on using the flash to fill. The combination of these two might have allowed the flash to brighten up the people.
Since none of these things may have been possible (I wasn’t there and every situation is different), a couple other thoughts on how to prevent the motion blur:
- Turn on image stabilization (see Lesson 34)
- Prop yourself against something stable or set the phone on something stable (see Lesson 34)
And, finally, for exposures that are so disparate, this might be a good time to use Pro HDR, see Lesson 9 and Lesson 18. It’s kind of a toss up–with a high wind, the movement might have been too much. But, if Gina’s friends were willing to hold still for 30 seconds or so, Pro HDR might have solved the exposure problem and still achieved focus (although the blowing hair would have been a problem).
Your Assignment: Pull up a “photo failure.” Can you fix it using Snapseed? If not, what is causing it to “fail”? Do you know what to do differently the next time around? Now, test yourself. Pick a subject with similar challenges to your “photo failure.” Shoot the subject every way you can think of. Use every app you know how to use. Shoot vertically, shoot horizontally. Use the rule of thirds, the rule of symmetry, the rule of telling a story. Try different angles and think about position for light. Try with and without flash. Try to get at least 20 different photos of that subject. Did you get anything that surprised you in a good way?